Archive for the ‘Special PCB’ Category

What is IPC standard for PCB?

Monday, June 28th, 2021

Do you know what is IPC standard for PCB?

IPC, it is a trade association whose goal is to standardize the assembly and production requirements of electronic devices and components.  It was established in 1957 as the Institute of Printed Circuits.  IPC has developed thousands of standards and specifications to regulate the electronics manufacturing industry

IPC standards are related to PCB design, production technology, electronic assembly, etc., in order to achieve high reliability, high quality, high performance, and meet user specifications.

For PCB manufacturing, do you know which IPC standards are commonly used?

multilayer pcb

Here I would like to share you some standards which we mainly use:

  1. 1. IPC-6011: General Performance Specification for Printed Boards
  2. 2. IPC-6012: Appraisal performance and specifications for Rigid printed boards
  3. 3. IPC-6013: Appraisal performance and specifications for Flexible printed boards
  4. 4. IPC-6016: Fixed performance and specification of HDI or printed circuit board of high density interconnection layer
  5. 5. IPC-SM-840: Appraisal and performance of permanent performance
  6. 6. IPC-HM-860: Multilayer Hybrid Circuit Specification
  7. 7. J-STD-003: Solderable test for printed boards
  8. 8. IPC-A-600F: Acceptance conditions for printed boards
  9. 9. IPC-A-61: Acceptability of electronic components
  10. IPC-4761: Design Guide for Protection of Printed Board Via Structures

One of the most widely used industry standards in the manufacturing of printed circuit boards is IPC-A-610—Acceptability of Electronic Assemblies. … IPC-A-600—Acceptability of Printed Boards. This standard is used primarily for the incoming inspection of bare boards from a PCB fabricator.

In the IPC-A-610C document, electronic products are divided into level 1, level 2, and level 3. The higher the level, the stricter the quality inspection conditions. Here are how 3 levels divided:

Level 1 products: called general-purpose electronic products. Including consumer electronic products, certain computers and their peripherals, and products whose main purpose is to use functions.

Level 2 products: called dedicated service electronic products. Including communication equipment, complex industrial and commercial equipment and high-performance, long-life measuring instruments. Under normal use environment, this kind of product should not malfunction.

Level 3 products: called high-performance electronic products. Including high-reliability, long-life military and civilian equipment that can continue to operate. This kind of product must not allow any interruption failure during use, and at the same time, it is necessary to ensure the reliable startup and operation of the equipment in a harsh environment. Such as medical life-saving equipment and all military equipment systems.

resin filled production bpm20599

It is no problem for us to manufacture the PCB following the standard in IPC 6012 /6013 Class 2 and Class 3, as well as following to the standard listed above/

These acceptance conditions are the basis for the inspection of our company’s products, as well as the working standards of the employees at the production site, and also become an important part of the training of the employees for PCB production and assembly in our company.

Send us your PCB drawing, let’s help to make your PCB design into a real board.

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Interesting color matching – Silkscreen and Solder mask

Tuesday, March 23rd, 2021

In Best Technology, solder mask and silkscreen are available in a variety of colors. For example, common colors of solder mask are black, white, blue, green, red. Common silkscreen colors are black, white, yellow, red, blue. Generally according to the different needs of customers to use collocation, but sometimes if the color collocation is not appropriate will produce color difference.

The following is a list of common collocations that we recommend based on our experience for your future project design.

Solder maskRecommended Silkscreen
BlackWhite
WhiteBlack/Blue/Green/Red/Yellow
BlueWhite
GreenWhite
RedWhite

For the most part,the color of solder mask doesn’t have any effect on PCB’s

functionality.But if the color of the silk screen does not match properly,which may

Cause chromatic aberration(for example,a yellow silkscreen on a black solder mask,

The silkscreen visual may look green)or make reading the silk screen more difficult

To read(for example, a black silkscreen on a light black solder mask).The solder mask will also affect your ability to visually inspect the PCBs. Below are the solder mask comparison from the highest contrast to the lowest for your reference.

Green

Most customers will choose to use Green solder mask for their project since Green is easy on the eyes and allows for high contrast between traces, planes, and empty space on the PCB. Green solder mask has become an industry standard. High contrast allows technicians to most easily review for manufacturing defects.

green

Red

A Red solder mask will provide a bold and clean looking PCB, however the contrast between traces, planes, and empty space significantly lower than it is with a green solder mask. Magnification may be needed when inspecting fine traces on the board for defects with a Red mask. White silkscreen will be better than black silkscreen on a board with red solder mask.

red

 Blue

Blue solder masks have even lower contrast, and magnification becomes required when inspecting for manufacturing defects. These PCBs look visually pleasing and professional and are a good choice for fully-developed products that will not require trace visibility.

blue

Black

Black masks have almost no contrast between traces, planes and empty space. A Black mask will absorb heat, increasing the danger of overheating for sensitive components. Pay attention that in order to avoid the appearance of color difference as far as possible do not choose the silkscreen like yellow, green, red, or blue. White will be the better choice.

black

White

A white mask will be the hardest to clean, and also has the lowest contrast. If possible, we suggest that you avoid choosing white, especially in the prototyping stage. It’s the best choice to use white solder mask for LED board, following pictures for your reference.

whtite

If you have other questions about solder mask, welcome to contact us. (Email:sales@bestpcbs.com), we will prove you professional suggestions and solutions.

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What’s RT/duriod 5880?

Tuesday, December 1st, 2020

For PCB materials, you may have ever heard about many different kinds of materials such as the materials of FR4, Aluminum, Copper base and ceramic base.

But do you know what the duriod 5880 materials is?

Actually duriod 5880 is a kind of materials of the Rogers, it is the materials which is used for high frequency circuit board. RT 5880, which is famous for its low dielectric loss, low moisture absorption, and stable dielectric constant. The PCB made of duriod 5880 can be widely used in airborne and ground-based radar systems, millimeter wave applications, and space satellite transceivers.
Different with other kinds materials, the color of the RT 5880 materials is black.

Why this material can be used in such high end field? Let’s see below to know more information.

Excellent dielectric properties:
RT/duroid 5870/5880, as a new generation of high-frequency laminate, is made of polytetrafluoroethylene composite material (PTFE). At the same time, glass microfibers are randomly distributed in the material, which provides the greatest strength during the production and application of the circuit board.

High-frequency circuit design has strict requirements on the dielectric constant of the printed circuit board. RT/duroid 5880 has an ultra-low dielectric constant and remains the same in a very wide operating frequency range.

At 10GHz operating frequency, the measured dielectric constant is only 2.33/2.2, which is significantly lower than similar materials on the market. Therefore, from the perspective of performance parameters and production costs, the board is more suitable for high-frequency application design than similar products.

At the same time, under the same standard (f=10GHz), and the dielectric loss of the RT5880 is only 0.0012/0.0009. The extremely low dielectric loss makes it very suitable for high-frequency and the field of wide-band applications which requiring minimal dispersion and low loss.

In addition, the extremely low moisture absorption rate makes it an ideal choice for applications in high humidity environments. The moisture absorption rate of RT/duroid 5880 is only 0.02%, so it can meet the strict requirements of mechanical reliability and electrical stability in the complex microwave structure design, and it is also suitable for applications in high humidity environments.

With the continuous improvement of the operating frequency of high-frequency circuits, the requirements for the dielectric constant and dielectric loss of the circuit board are becoming more and more stringent. The excellent performance of RT/duroid 5880 in these two aspects can significantly improve the design of high-frequency circuits. Definity, improve circuit performance.

Easy to process and install
In this high-frequency design, in order to meet the requirements of electromagnetic shielding and compact design, printed circuit boards are often installed in various irregularly shaped cavity structures. Therefore, the PCB board must be designed in different shapes and suitable for production and Installation.

For RT/duroid 5880 laminate, which is easy to cut, trim and good for PCB manufacturing.

At the same time, it can resist all the solutions and chemical agents used in the process of etching and plating through holes, and it has a good performance of the cold and heat resistance.

The composite material RT/duroid 5880 can be covered with a laminated copper foil for some key electrical applications, and brass plates or copper can also be used as required.
Usually laminates of the RT/Duriod 5880, it can make double-sided copper clad with thicknesses ranging from 1/2 oz. to 2 oz./ft2 (8.5~70 μm) to meet most custome’s requirements for the thickness of copper foil.

Our company has focus on the PCB fabricationi for more than 15 years, we can make PCB with Rogers PCB with RT/Duriod 5880, as well as RO4003C and RO4350B with different thickness.
If you are interesting to know more and your PCB also want to made of RT/Duriod 5880, please feel freely to contact us for more information related.

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