Ceramic Multilayer PCBs: Advantages and Disadvantages

January 6th, 2020

The primary advantage of ceramic multilayer PCBs lies in their thermal properties. The most significant of these is thermal conductivity, which outperforms traditional materials by a tremendous margin. In the table below, the most used board material, FR4, is compared with the ceramic multilayer board in a number of important categories.

ceramic pcb
ceramic pcb

MULTILAYER PCB MATERIAL COMPARISON

CeramicVersusFR4
28 – 280Thermal Conductivity (Wm-K)0.8 – 1.1
Component ComparableCoefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE)Component Comparable
HighFrequency PerformanceLow – Mid
FragileHandlingEasy
LowAvailabilityHigh
Mid – HighCostLow – Mid

As shown above, ceramic multilayer PCBs have advantages and disadvantages as compared to FR4. However, the advantages point to a continued increase in the use of ceramic boards for high-speed and high-power applications that are criteria for more functionality in smaller packages.

ceramic pcb
ceramic pcb

Best Technology, the industry leader in fast, precision and high-quality PCB manufacturing, has a wide range of material options including to meet your design objectives. This includes accommodating the special process of using ceramic materials for your board if desired. We also strive to provide you with the best manufacturing experience.

Best Technology’s Custom PCB Manufacturing Service

1.ISO-9001commitment to quality certifications.

2.Accurate quote in less than 1 day.

3.Performs entire turnkey process in as fast as 3 days.

4.Sources components from the most reputable suppliers in the industry to reduce procurement time.

5.Performs multiple automated inspections during assembly to ensure PCB quality for prototyping.

6.Provides support throughout the PCB manufacturing process, beginning with design.

7.Smooth transition from prototyping to production.

Do You Ever Know High Density Interconnect PCBs?

December 31st, 2019

HDI PCB (High Density Interconnector PCB), is a printed circuit board having a relatively high line distribution density using the micro-blind and buried hole technology.

It is a process that includes an inner layer line and an outer layer line, then uses a hole and a metallization in the hole to realize a joint function between the inner layers of each layer.

HDI PCB-1
HDI PCB-1

With the development of high-density, high-precision electronic products, the requirements of high-density and high precision are imposed on printed circuit boards. The most effective way to increase the density of pcb is to reduce the number of through holes, and to accurately set the blind holes and buried holes to achieve this requirement, thereby an HDI PCB came into being.

HDI PCBs are finding their way into a growing number of products:

Military communications devices and other strategic equipment

Aerospace – smaller space requirements and light weight are ideal for such applications

Computers and smartphones – phones and computers are taking full advantage of smaller profiles, reduced weight, and increased functionality, made possible through the integration of HDI circuits.

HDI PCB-2
HDI PCB-2

Medical equipment – diagnostic and monitoring equipment has become more reliable and expanded with technical features that aid medical teams with patient treatment, and all of this is powered by HDI PCBs and advanced software.

Benefits of HDI PCB

HDI PCB utilizes buried or blind vias, or a combination, and may also incorporate microvias with an incredibly small diameter. This facilitates the incorporation of more technology in less space, with fewer layers. Multi-layer HDI PCB are also in common use, with many layers being accommodated through various construction methods utilizing blind, buried, stacked, and staggered vias.

With smaller components and blind via in pad technology, components may be placed closer together, resulting in faster signal transmission rates while also reducing crossing delays and signal loss. These are key considerations that generate improved performance of HDI PCBs.

HDI PCBs are preferred for applications where space, performance, reliability, and weight are concerns. This makes them more suitable for nearly every application related to electronics, consumer products, computers, and aeronautics.

Multi-layer HDI PCB can provide strong interconnection of stacked vias, resulting in high levels of reliability, even in more extreme environments.

Considering this, do you ever think about choosing HDI PCB on your next project?

What You Have to Know About FR4 Material

December 24th, 2019

FR4 is the most common material grade that comprises fabricated PCB. ‘FR’ indicates the material is flame retardant and the ‘4’ indicates woven glass reinforced epoxy resin. Single or double-sided PCB structures consist of an FR4 core and top and bottom copper layers. Multi-layer boards have additional prepreg layers between the center core and top and bottom copper layers. Now, the core consists of a substrate with copper covering, also referred to as a copper clad laminate. The core, laminate, and prepreg may all be FR4 with the copper sheets between the signal and ground layers.

FR4 PCB
FR4 PCB

The properties of FR4 may vary slightly depending on the manufacturer; however, it generally has favorable strength and water resistance attributes that support its widespread usage as an insulator for many electrical applications. It serves the same purpose in PCBs, namely to isolate adjacent copper planes and provide overall bending and flexural strength for the structure. FR4 is a good general purpose material for PCB fabrication; however, alternative materials are available.

Alternative PCB Materials

Prior to the explosion of multilayer FR4 PCBs, there were many alternative board materials to FR4. These included FR2, CEM 1, and CEM 3, which were paper-based. However, the strength of FR4, especially for multilayer boards, was a major factor in separating it from alternatives to become the industry standard. Today, there are other materials that are used for single-sided, double-sided, non-plated through-hole (NPTH), and multilayer PCBs, in addition to FR4. These are compared in the table below:

FR4 Material VS Other Materials
FR4 Material VS Other Materials

The results above clearly indicate that FR4 is a good general purpose material as its parameters are mostly comparable to the other alternatives. It excels in structural integrity with a 2.0 N/mm copper adhesiveness and matches the alternatives in bending strength.

FR4 PCB
FR4 PCB

FR4 is the most widely-used material in PCB construction. Boards made from FR4 are strong, water resistant, and provide good insulation between copper layers that minimizes interference and supports good signal integrity. At Best Technology, the industry leader in fast, high-quality PCB prototype and PCB manufacturing, we are capable to meet your board material needs for any case. We will work with you to help you select the materials that will best implement your design intent.

Should you have any queries about FR4 material, contact us anytime, and our sales representative will give you a response at our soonest convenience.

Is Automated Assembly Always Better?

December 18th, 2019

As a matter of fact, PCB experts will always know the major benefits of automated assembly processes: reduced errors, increased output and consistent quality, however, is automation always better?

The usage of SMT line machines has become standard practice in PCB assembly and is thought to be more efficient; however, SMT machines are not appropriate for every job. Manual assembly is a better option for assembling boards in low quantities or low-volume orders using components with unique properties.

SMT Machine
SMT Machine
Manual Assembly
Manual Assembly

Volume Limits

Volume can be a determining factor of whether or not to assemble by hand. Orders of 10 or less boards, are often best assembled by hand- for reducing production time and faster turnaround.

Characteristics of Component Choices

The characteristics of chosen components should be taken into consideration before assembly. Careful and potentially time-consuming SMT calibration is required to minimize the risk of damage when using components with:

Heat sensitivity

Unusual shape and center of gravity

Inadequate packaging and/or documentation from the manufacturer

Therefore, low-volume orders using components with unique properties and insufficient packaging or documentation should be manually assembled by a skilled technician.

In general, it is best practice to manually assemble boards with a volume limit of 10 or less, simple technology, and when there are a few individual components per board.

SMT lines are preferred for large-volume assembly because they consistently produce quality PCBs and reduce the possibility of error associated with manual assembly. The key to ensuring quality of manual assembled boards is having a well-defined manual process, which is bound to passing through failsafe quality checks that hold hand and automated orders to the same standards.

Anyway, before starting your project, it is highly recommended that you should consult with your PCB service provider regarding your PCB assembly options.

We will be exhibiting at PCB West 2020

December 13th, 2019

Best Technology, a China- based assembly manufacturer will be exhibiting at PCB West 2020 in Santa Clara, CA at booth No. 514 on September 9, 2020(Western Time). Actually, we have participated in this exhibition for continuous 2 years. Here are some pictures for your reference. At Best Technology’s exhibition booth, attendees will be able to learn more about our company for PCB manufacturing and assembly technology.

at the exhibition booth
at the exhibition booth
Celine is talking with customers
Celine is talking with customers
Marina is talking with customers
Marina is talking with customers
Coco is talking with customers
Coco is talking with customers
at the exhibition booth
at the exhibition booth

For interested professionals, Best Technology had on hand experts to offer detailed insights and experience on PCB assembly, covering prototype and low/high-volume production. For more information on PCB assembly and fabrication, please visit Best Technology’s exhibition booth No.514 at PCB West 2020.

You will see 10mm to 1,500 mm flexible circuit board, from 2 layer rigid-flex circuit to 50 layers, 1/2 OZ copper to 3 OZ, 0.15mm extra thin FR4 PCB to 30 OZ heavy copper, turn-key service from components sourcing,board fabrication(FPC, PCB, MCPCB, Ceramic PCB) and final assembly with programming and testing.

You are warmly welcome to talk more to see how we manage the components wastage and efficiency to help save your time, money and energy.

About PCB West

SANTA CLARA, CA, PCB WEST 2020 PCB West is an annual event sponsored by major electronics manufacturing vendors and attended by electronics engineers, technicians, managers and more. PCB West is a marketing, product launching and career enhancement event that offers a 1-day exhibit and a 3-day conference. You will get more closely connection with new Technology in PCB field from PCB West. 

Welcome to visit us at Booth 514 on September 9, 2020(Western Time).

How to Choose Professional PCB Prototype Assembler

December 10th, 2019

OEMs, especially those requiring only a few boards to be assembled, may want to outsource their Printed circuit boards to a professional PCB prototype assembler, rather than assemble the boards in-house. Instead of investing in expensive production equipment, they would prefer to obtain their product from a PCB prototype manufacturer, and have an expert assemble it, so that they have reliable PCBs. Fortunately, an eminent enterprise, Best Technology, provides expert solutions for both manufacturing and assembling PCBs.

Turnkey PCBA Services
Turnkey PCBA services


OEMs are experts in the products they manufacture, but may not be so knowledgeable about the PCBs and assemblies that make up their product. Therefore, some guidelines are necessary to enable them select the professional PCB prototype assembler most suited to their requirements.
Technical Expertise
It is very important to ensure the assembler has the necessary processes in place. For instance, if the OEM requires BGAs on their PCB, they must ensure the assembler is capable of BGA assembly and rework, and they have X-ray machines for verifying their assembly. As most PCBs use surface mount devices, the assembler should be familiar with them to the extent of using automated machinery for SMT assembly.
Working Closely
If the OEM is outsourcing for prototype manufacturing and assembly, it is important that the assembler be willing to work with them for fixing errors in the layout, mistakes in the BOM, and parts that do not match the footprints on the board. The OEM should be able to make the most of the existing board while resolving the problems with the assembler.
Objective of the Outsourcing
To be effective, OEMs must also set their objectives that they expect from the outsourcing partner. This is important, as the objectives may vary. For instance, some may be planning to outsource a single product, others may be shifting their growing volumes to a partner with a higher production capacity, while still others may be looking for reducing costs.
Request for Quotation

FR4 PCB Manufacturer
FR4 PCB Manufacturing


When the OEM sends an RFQ or request for quotation to a PCB prototype assembler, it is important they provide all the commercial and technical information the assembler would need. This holds true even when the OEM is looking for a potential PCB prototype manufacturer.
Management Aspects
To ensure smooth working with the prototype assembler, it will be advantageous to the OEM if they periodically audit their partner, making sure the team has as wide range skills as possible. If necessary, the OEM can transfer some of their skills and knowledge to their partner. A good management practice is to establish regular meetings to make sure activities move on schedule, and the relationship can be discussed at higher levels, while the OEM outlines their strategic plans for the future.
Conclusion
Best Technology, both a professional PCB prototype manufacturer and a PCB prototype assembler, can handle not only prototype jobs, but also take up regular production works and turnkey projects. It meets all the above criteria, has the necessary quality management systems in place, and has the necessary technology and expertise to handle the most complicated board assemblies.

INTERESTING USES OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

December 4th, 2019

Every electronic appliance in your home contains a printed circuit board (PCB). But do you ever wonder what happens to PCB’ s after they have been used? Tons of PCB’ s are thrown away every year, but thanks to some very creative people, used PCB’ s are being turned into artistic and functional products. We have selected some of our favorites below.

PCB Cufflinks

The PCB cufflink set is the perfect gift for the fashion conscious gent. Each cufflink uses a 16mm square of PCB. What makes these PCB cufflinks even more special is that no two sets will ever be the same.

PCB Cufflinks
PCB Cufflinks

PCB Art

Mr.Steven Rodrig, working for an OEM company, is exposed to PCB’ s often at his workplace and his prior knowledge of ‘Structural Mechanics’ led him to the interesting practice of modelling small sculptures from spare or used PCB’ s.

Steven’s PCB sculpting abilities stretch far beyond single objects or creatures, he can make full scenes from unused PCB’ s. Take a moment to appreciate the sheer intricacy of these sculptures. Countless hours of planning and practice must have gone into getting these to look so neat and tidy.

PCB Art
PCB Art

PCB Business Card

A savvy electrical engineer from The University of Waterloo thought up another fantastic purpose for PCB manufacture – his business cards, with an integrated USB connection!

Could this be a sign of the future? Imagine the data that could be passed over. Not just simple contact details and addresses, but full-on portfolios, video presentations, games, and any other form of digital media. This is a fantastic concept and a great use of PCB’ s.

PCB Business Card
PCB Business Card

PCB’ s have more uses than you might think. Just remember, Best Technology, always being here, dedicates to being your best supplier of printed circuit boards(PCB) with consistent good quality in Asia.

Difference between A Double Sided MCPCB and a Double Layer MCPCB

November 25th, 2019

Metal core printed circuit boards(mcpcb) are suitable alternatives for FR4/CEM1-3 variants. These circuit boards use metal as a core base material and are differentiated on the basis of their construction. There are a few types such as single layer, double layer, double sided, and multi-layer PCBs. What are heavily used in advanced electronic circuits are the double layer and double sided metal core printed circuit boards. These two types arise confusion due to their similar names. What are the differences between both? What advantages do they offer? Now you can get the answer from the following description.

Definition of a Double Sided and Double Layer MCPCB:

The double sided MCPCB and double layered MCPCB have different layout, due to the positioning of a metal core:

In a double sided MCPCB, the metal core lies in the middle of two conductor layers. There is also a dielectric layer between the metal core and a copper layer. The metal core and conductors are connected to each other through Vias. The SMD can be populated at the bottom and top.

A double layer MCPCB has a metal core at the bottom, with two conductor layers on its top. In short, the conductor layers lie in same side of the metal core. Generally, metals like aluminum, copper, and iron alloys are used as metal cores. The dielectric layer lies between a copper layer, and the bottom metal core. The SMD can only be populated on the top.

Advantages of Double Sided MCPCB and Double Layer MCPCBs:

Both these variants offer the same benefits as other metal core PCBs. They are as follows:

Reliable Performance at High Temperatures: Many double sided CEM3 or FR4 PCBs with high power and density face difficulties in heat dissipation. The CEM3 or FR4 material have weak thermal conductivity, which means the electronic components are destroyed at high temperatures. However, double sided metal core circuit boards feature a metal core, which has an excellent inter-layer insulation and thermal conductivity. Both these factors contribute to its reliable performance at high temperature.

Excellent Thermal Expansibility: Thermal expansion and contraction is an important feature of all objects. The ability to contract with cold, and expand with heat is termed as coefficient of thermal expansion. Most FR4 PCBs have low CTE, which means they cannot effectively deal with issues of contraction and expansion. However, both double sided and double layer PCBs can effectively deal with thermal expansibility. Thus, they are in demand.

Applications of Double Sided MCPCB and Double Layer MCPCBs:

LED lights

Street and general lighting

Industrial controls

Power monitoring devices

Automotive

Amplifiers

Test equipment

The choice of the either type will depend on your application requirements. If you are still confused about the two types and their benefits for your application, you can always approach an industry expert or a reliable metal core pcbs manufacturer like Best Technology, which provides different types of MCPCBs in diverse specifications.

Customers’ Visit in Best Technology

November 21st, 2019

Some of our awesome clients, visited our office and SMT plant on Nov 21, 2019, all team members stood in a row to give them a warm welcome.

customers in the office
in the office

In the meeting room, the customers said that Best Technology was appreciated as a valued supplier of excellent quality products which met their requirements exactly.

Customers in the SMT factory
in the SMT factory

They went over the ceramic PCB and PCB Assembly requirements that would be required for their current production needs and provided us with product estimates required for ceramic PCB and PCBA projects.

Customers in the meeting room
in the meeting room

And then they described the ceramic PCB and PCB Assembly products to us in detail so we could understand the scope of what would be required. The inclusion of the sales team members during this meeting provided an excellent team spirit and we enjoyed the enthusiasm of this meeting.

Customers in the meeting room
In the meeting room

The customers were also impressed by the rapid implementation of all their latest design changes to their range of products manufactured by us.

customers in the meeting room
Customers in the meeting room

We recognize the fact that the best way to attract customers is by being recognized as a consistent supplier of excellent quality products. Our core value of upholding quality excellence in production will greatly assist us in reaching our goal.

Customers in the SMT factory
in the SMT factory

How to Choose a Professional PCB Assembly Company

November 18th, 2019

Hardware designers requiring turnkey PCB assembly services usually face tremendous obstacles for their need of prototyping and small batches. Large companies with huge inventory needs and long delivery horizons can wait for days or weeks for a proposal, while accepting large minimum quantity requirements. For them, delays associated with overseas manufacturing are no big deal. However, these conditions are simply unacceptable for small industries, engineers, makers, and entrepreneurs.

Best Practices of PCB Assembly Vendor

Selecting the professional PCB assembly company at the beginning determines the success of a project. Therefore, picking the right PCB assembly services provider becomes a highly important decision to be made. One must watch out for those offering very low prices, but subsequently are unable to provide the services, record of accomplishment, infrastructure, and technology to back up their promises. Rather, one must insist the PCB assembly services have the essential features, offer the services, and follow business practices such as:

Instant Quotations

Waiting for days or weeks and trading a bunch of emails only to find out the cost of a PCB assembly, is not only a waste of time, it is expensive. A vendor offering instant, online quotations is always preferable. In general, although all vendors will start by sending a quotation for the project, therefore, selecting one who gets the process off painlessly is advisable. Moreover, selecting the vendor who gives an estimate in terms of quantity offtake helps in determining capital needs and product prices.

Prototyping Requirements

Most customers, before placing their order, want to make sure their PCB works exactly as intended. This may require making a few iterations to perfect the design. So far, prototyping was a big challenge under the old manufacturing model. However, Best Technology is willing to handle even a single quantity.

Minimum Order Requirements

Earlier, PCB assembly services were unable to accept production runs of small quantities. Older technology did not allow profitability in smaller numbers, which turned out to be a major challenge for everyone. However, use of modern technologies allows easy combination of small orders into larger ones, while switching from one task to another is no longer a major hurdle. Therefore, professional PCB assembly providers accept all types of order, regardless of quantity, and execute them at reasonable prices.

Seamless Manufacturing

With advancement in PCB assembly technologies, it is no longer necessary to track multiple vendors and suffer long lead times. A modern PCB assembly solution such as the Best Technology, offers a platform to resolve any assembly problems, online and from anywhere and takes over the sourcing, purchasing, and assembly of the components. With this approach, the product can be expected to be available in days.

Looking Beyond PCB Assembly

The PCB happens to be only the first step of the many for most inventions and products and PCB Assembly is an especially non-negligible process. Quality can only be assured by finding a reliable company.