Posts Tagged ‘PCBA’

What needs to be paid attention during PCBA process?

Thursday, April 16th, 2020

PCB is an indispensable part for any electronic equipment in small toys or computers., etc. The complex interconnection components include resistor, diode and capacitor, which help components work normally in series. In a sense, it is similar to the “brain” of the system. PCB assembly process must be of no any mistakes. Here are some points that need to be paid attention:

1.Supply chain management: In order to create high quality PCB, the first thing needing consideration is supply chain. For the availability, both quality and price are important, so is delivery time of components.

pcbassembly
pcbassembly

2.PCB layout. The common question during manufacturing stage is pcb layout in minor differences. Even though various types of designs looks the same to outward seeming, the manufacturing processes are different. You need to ensure PCB layout is feasible during manufacturing process.

3.Test-test has to be conducted after PCB assembly. What needs to be done is to design test point. Some tests include:

Micro-section analysis-also referred to as cross section analysis. This test contributes to identifying components fault and thermal-mechanical faults.

pcbassembly
pcbassembly

Solderability test. This test contributes to testing reliability of PCB solder pad, to ensure a firm surface and a reliable soldering point. It also contributes to confirming if storage will have an effect on solder components.

PCB pollution test-This can test many issues, such as corrosion and degradation. Scaling powder residue will result in pollution and thereby case components failure. Pollution analysis is famous for its accuracy and preciseness.

Optical microscope-This can test the issues relevant to PCB and soldering as well as overall pcb assembly. The process is famous for its speed, as it involves using high-power microscope to inspect incorrect structure.

Best Technology specializes in PCB assembly solutions since 2006, and if you would like to know more about turnkey PCB services(one-stop solutions about PCB), contact us anytime.

The Basics of Printed Circuit Board Assembly(SMT)

Friday, November 1st, 2019

Printed circuit board assembly(SMT), also known as “stuffing” or “populating” the bare printed circuit board, is quite an intricate process which involves many different stages.  Best Technology’ in house printed circuit board assembly service makes ordering your turnkey printed circuit boards a hassle-free experience as you can count on the industry’s largest support team to help you control every step of the process.

Here are some of the basic elements involved in the printed circuit board assembly process:

Solder Paste – Solder paste is a combination of flux, a chemical created to assist in the bonding and melting of the metal, and small fragments of metal (solder) so as to apply the electronic components to the printed circuit board. The paste is placed on the board in specific places along the board in exact amounts with the use of a Solder Stencil and a paste application machine, automatically.

Pick and Place Machine – This machine is essential in an automated printed circuit board assembly process.  The machine is programmed to automatically coordinate with complete accuracy the places to precisely mount each electronic component to be soldered to the printed circuit board. These machines are exact and quick.

Infrared Reflow – After the precise bonding element (solder paste) is applied to the PCB, the board will be directed to the reflow oven to join the electronic components to the board by melting the solder paste. This “oven” is comprised of many heaters whose main function is to heat the board to a precise temperature and control the level of cooldown as the solder hardens. This process is crucial to the creation of properly functioning electronics. The printed circuit board will run through a series of testing to ensure no issues or short-circuiting nor misalignments have occurred.

Simple Solderability Test Experiment

Saturday, August 23rd, 2014

As is well known, solderability is very important for any type of printed circuit boards, we must do solderability test of each batch PCB we made. In this way we can inspect the weldability of the PCB before we go ahead the assembly process, much helpful for SMT.

In our circuit board manufacturing workshop, we have professional equipment to do that testing. But normally these equipment was expensive, and a lot of people want to know a simple and cheap way to do that solderability testing, so today we are doing a simple solderability test and show you all the steps.

1. Take a small solder pot, plug in the power, turn on the switch and heat the solder pot to a certain high temperature(about 8 minutes).
solder-pot
2. Put a tin bar to the solder pot, then you can see the tin bar is begin to melting, slowly into liquid tin, then more and more.

Tin Bar

Tin Bar

3. After few minutes, there will be enough melting liquid tin in the solder pot to do this test.

melting tin

melting-tin

4.Use a tweezers to pick up a PCB circuit, first clean the PCB with rubbing alcohol. Because the unclear surface or the oxidation of the PCB will affect the test result.Pick-up-the-PCBclean the PCB
5. This is the key step of this test, put the PCB into the solder pot, depth about 2 mm,time 4-5 seconds is ok. Then you can see the tin will go into the hole of the PCB.

Solderability Test 1

Solderability Test 1

Solderability Test 2

Solderability Test 2

6. Take out the PCB from the solder pot and put it into the cold water. After few seconds, you can see the experimental effect.

Test Results

Test Results

This solderability test is very simple and easy. We can see the results very soon. We, Best Technology did solderability of every batch PCB we made, and we also supply our customers with the solderability test report and the test samples.

Any comments about that, leave your message or write email to us. Best Technology, always to be your best partner of circuit boards in China!